Roads and Paths Integral Parts of the Course. GoRaC 3.3. RoG; Definitions, Obstructions. Local Rule. Revised 2015-01-12.
IN DEPTH: From Definitions, Obstructions: "An "obstruction" is anything artificial ... ". Exception Point c: "Any construction declared by the Committee to be an integral part of the course."
It is mainly for safety reasons that artificial surfaces and sides of roads and paths by "Definitions" are immovable obstructions.
In exceptional cases, when relief without penalty under Rule 24-2 from a specific road should spoil the character of a hole, the Committee may declare the road or roads to be an integral part of the course (see alternative local rule below). The most famous exception is the 17th hole on The Old Course at St. Andrews, better known as the "Road Hole", where the road behind the green is an integral part of the course
Note that if the "Alternative Local Rule" is used, the information to the players is of paramount importance to avoid mistakes. Additional information at the tee on the hole concerned will be helpful.

For more information see "How to Mark a Golf Course". 

Suggested wording. The title and the penalty may be removed when this Rule is placed together with other Rules under a specific headline. The red-coloured sentence about ball unplayable may be removed.

Roads and Paths Integral Parts of the Course
All artificial surfaces and sides of roads and paths are an integral part of the course. The ball must be played as it lies or be declared unplayable, with one stroke penalty, under Rule 28. 
Penalty: Match play - Loss of hole; Stroke play - Two strokes.

Alternative when one or several artificially surfaced roads are deemed to an integral part of the course and all the other roads are obstructions. The red-coloured sentence about ball unplayable may be removed.

Roads and Paths. Some an Integral Part of the Course
All/The ... artificial surfaces and sides of the roads/paths/road/path on hole ... are an integral part of the course
All the other artificial surfaces and sides of roads and paths are immovable obstructions and the player may take relief, without penalty, under Rule 24-2. The ball must be played as it lies or be declared unplayable, with one stroke penalty, under Rule 28.
Penalty: Match play - Loss of hole; Stroke play - Two strokes.
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2015-01-12 15:46